Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla)
Description: 4 -5″ (10 – 13 cm) ADULT MALE Has mainly olive-green back, with darker flight feathers and tail. Head and neck are mostly blue-gray, but note rufous crown patch and white eyering; throat and underparts are bright yellow. Legs are dark. ADULT FEMALE Similar to male, but less colorful, with dull underparts, browner head, and reduced crown patch. IMMATURE Similar to adult female, but even paler, with whitish throat and belly and no crown patch.
Voice: Song is in two parts, first bouncy and whistling, second rapid and trilling: t’se-t’se-t’se-t’se, se’se’se’se’se; call is a thin tsip.
Habitat: Common summer visitor (mainly May-Aug) to deciduous and mixed, brushy woods; often in secondary growth. Winters in Central America.
Nesting: A neat cup of moss, bark, leaves, and grasses, lined with fine grass, pine needles, hair, or other fiber. Located on the ground under brushy vegetation or small trees.
- The Nashville Warbler sometimes uses porcupine quills as nest material.
- Most first-year Nashville Warblers migrate along the Atlantic coast, while adults tend to migrate along inland routes.
- The Nashville Warbler does not regularly breed near Nashville, Tennessee, but was first observed there in 1811 by Alexander Wilson, who named the species.
- The western population of the Nashville Warbler was once considered a separate species, called the “Calaveras Warbler.” It is slightly brighter than eastern birds, with a brighter yellow rump, more extensive white feathers on the lower belly, and a slightly longer tail.
Resource material provided by:
The Cornell Lab of Ornithology/ http://www.allaboutbirds.com